Alabama Rot, also known as Cutaneous and Renal Glomerular Vasculopathy (CRGV) , explained by Rosevean Veterinary Practice, Cornwall. In Alabama Rot, blood vessels in the skin and kidneys are damaged by tiny clots which can lead to damage to the organs. In the skin it causes ulceration but in the kidneys it could cause organ failure.
What we know:
- Alabama Rot (CRGV) is considered rare. 122 confirmed cases with skin and kidney failure have been recorded between Nov 2012 and March 2018. With an estimated UK dog population of 9 million that is 1 case per 409,000 dogs per year.
- The vast majority of skin lesions are not CRGV.
- Cases seem to occur most between November and May but the reason why is unknown.
- No specific breed, age, sex or weight is predisposed.
- We do not know the cause of the condition at present.
- Without knowing the cause it is hard to advise ways to protect against disease. Bathing areas after a walk that are wet or muddy has been advocated but we do not know if this is necessary or of benefit.
- Cases have been confirmed all over the UK and at present, due to lack of information, we are not advising owners to avoid certain locations. A map showing confirmed cases is available at http://www.vets4pets.com/stop-alabama-rot/
Signs to watch for:
- Wounds will be treated in the same manner as any other skin problem with pain relief and antibiotics as needed.
- Any animal showing signs of increased drinking and/or vomiting with skin lesions should see a vet as soon as possible and bloods may be required to check kidney function.
- Treatment for kidney disease is symptomatic with fluids and other medication as needed. Some dogs will recover fully but some with severe kidney changes may not despite treatment.